What Does Mellitus Mean In Diabetes?

What does diabetes mellitus literally mean?

Diabetes mellitus is derived from the Greek word diabetes meaning siphon – to pass through and the Latin word mellitus meaning honeyed or sweet.

This is because in diabetes excess sugar is found in blood as well as the urine..

What are the six symptoms of diabetes mellitus?

Diabetes Mellitus Signs and SymptomsFrequent urination.Excessive thirst.Unexplained weight loss.Extreme hunger.Sudden vision changes.Tingling or numbness in the hands or feet.Feeling very tired much of the time.Very dry skin.More items…

How can diabetes mellitus be prevented?

Here are some tips to help you reduce your risk of type 2 diabetes.Check your risk of diabetes. Take the Life! … Manage your weight. … Exercise regularly. … Eat a balanced, healthy diet. … Limit takeaway and processed foods. … Limit your alcohol intake. … Quit smoking. … Control your blood pressure.More items…•

What are the signs of uncontrolled diabetes?

Ten signs of uncontrolled diabetesHigh blood glucose.Infections.Urination.Thirst.Appetite.Weight loss.Fruity breath.Kidney problems.More items…

How do you diagnose diabetes mellitus?

A fasting plasma glucose level >126 mg/dl (7.0 mmol/l) or a casual plasma glucose >200 mg/dl (11.1 mmol/l) meets the threshold for the diagnosis of diabetes. In the absence of unequivocal hyperglycemia, the diagnosis must be confirmed on a subsequent day.

What happens to a person with diabetes mellitus?

Diabetes mellitus is a disorder in which the body does not produce enough or respond normally to insulin, causing blood sugar (glucose) levels to be abnormally high. Urination and thirst are increased, and people may lose weight even if they are not trying to.

Can diabetes mellitus be cured?

There is no cure for diabetes, but it can be treated and controlled. The goals of managing diabetes are to: Keep your blood glucose levels as near to normal as possible by balancing food intake with medication and activity.

What are the complications of diabetes mellitus?

ComplicationsCardiovascular disease. … Nerve damage (neuropathy). … Kidney damage (nephropathy). … Eye damage (retinopathy). … Foot damage. … Skin conditions. … Hearing impairment. … Alzheimer’s disease.More items…•

What is the main feature of type 2 diabetes mellitus?

Type 2 diabetes is an impairment in the way the body regulates and uses sugar (glucose) as a fuel. This long-term (chronic) condition results in too much sugar circulating in the bloodstream. Eventually, high blood sugar levels can lead to disorders of the circulatory, nervous and immune systems.

Can Type 2 diabetes go away?

Although there’s no cure for type 2 diabetes, studies show it’s possible for some people to reverse it. Through diet changes and weight loss, you may be able to reach and hold normal blood sugar levels without medication. This doesn’t mean you’re completely cured. Type 2 diabetes is an ongoing disease.

What is the difference between diabetes and diabetes mellitus?

Diabetes mellitus is more commonly known simply as diabetes. It’s when your pancreas doesn’t produce enough insulin to control the amount of glucose, or sugar, in your blood. Diabetes insipidus is a rare condition that has nothing to do with the pancreas or blood sugar.

What causes diabetes mellitus?

What causes type 1 diabetes? Type 1 diabetes occurs when your immune system, the body’s system for fighting infection, attacks and destroys the insulin-producing beta cells of the pancreas. Scientists think type 1 diabetes is caused by genes and environmental factors, such as viruses, that might trigger the disease.

What is meant by mellitus?

(The name diabetes mellitus refers to these symptoms: diabetes, from the Greek diabainein, meaning “to pass through,” describes the copious urination, and mellitus, from the Latin meaning “sweetened with honey,” refers to sugar in the urine.)

What is a long term complication of diabetes mellitus?

Diabetes mellitus is a disease of metabolic dysregulation, most notably abnormal glucose metabolism, accompanied by characteristic long-term complications. The complications that are specific to diabetes include retinopathy, nephropathy, and neuropathy.

What is diabetes mellitus and what are the common signs and symptoms?

Type 2 diabetes is a common condition that causes high blood sugar levels. Early signs and symptoms can include frequent urination, increased thirst, feeling tired and hungry, vision problems, slow wound healing, and yeast infections.